Social and Environmental Characteristics Associated With Older Drivers’ Use of Non-driving Transportation Modes


Objective: We examined associations between older drivers’ social and environmental characteristics and odds of using non-driving transportation modes. Methods: Using 2015 National Health and Aging Trends Study data for community-dwelling drivers (n = 5102), we estimated logistic regression models of associations between social characteristics, environmental characteristics, and odds of using non-driving transportation modes three years later. Results: Drivers had 20% increase in odds of getting rides three years later for each additional confidante (adjusted odds ratio [aOR] = 1.20, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.11–1.30). Drivers living in more walkable neighborhoods were more likely to walk to get places (National Walkability Index [NWI] score of 18 vs. 2 aOR = 1.71, 95% CI: 1.02–2.90) and take public transit three years later (NWI 18 vs. 2 aOR = 7.47, 95% CI: 1.69–33.0). Discussion: Identifying modifiable social and environmental characteristics can inform future interventions supporting older adults’ health during the transition to non-driving.

J Aging Health